Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Athletes

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Natalia Malachowa, PhD; Scott D. Kobayashi, PhD; Frank R. DeLeo, PhD

Table of Contents

Physician and Sportsmedicine:

Volume 40 No. 2

Category:

Clinical Focus

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DOI: 10.3810/psm.2012.05.1960
Abstract: The remarkable ability of Staphylococcus aureus to develop antibiotic resistance in conjunction with the emergence of highly virulent and/or transmissible strains has established the pathogen as a leading cause of human bacterial infections worldwide. Historically, methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) was found almost exclusively in hospitals and/or health care–related facilities. However, in the late 1990s, community-associated MRSA strains emerged in the United States and rapidly became the leading cause of community-associated bacterial infections. An enhanced understanding of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of this bacterium is fundamental for the prevention and/or treatment of community-associated MRSA infections. This review highlights salient features of S aureus biology that contribute to the exceptional ability of this pathogen to cause human disease, as well as discusses, in brief, the established approaches for treatment and prevention of infection.

Keywords: antibiotics; CA-MRSA; hygiene; infection; innate immunity; MRSA; resistance;