Keeping Sports Participants Safe in Hot Weather

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Phillip B. Sparling, EdD; Mindy Millard-Stafford, PhD

Table of Contents

Physician and Sportsmedicine:

Volume 27 No. 7


Clinical Features

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DOI: 10.3810/psm.1999.07.914
Abstract: Keeping in mind the key concepts of heat dissipation and using sound strategies for heat acclimatization and fluid replacement can help keep participants and spectators safe during hot-weather sports activities. Acclimatization to heat requires 10 to 14 days of training. Prudent hydration involves drinking plenty of fluid 2 hours before exercise, 5 to 10 oz of fluid every 15 minutes during exercise, and fluids with increased sodium content after exercise. A sidebar on environmental conditions and heat-related medical encounters during the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta illustrates the importance of prevention strategies at the individual and event level.